Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion


Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion is a gynaecological medical condition that attacks a particular body part and result in outgrowths in the human body; especially in women.

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The epithelium whose main constituent are the epithelial cells covers the body cavity as well as most of the organs in a human body. The connective tissues, as the name suggests connect the epithelium across the body and maintains the continuity. However, the layer count of the epithelium varies from one part of the body to another. For example the epithelium on the human skin consists of five layers.

The shape of a squamous cell is like a plate (just like thrombocytes in case of blood cells) and they are present in the epithelium in abundance around its edges. The Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion usually develops in the cervix. Scientists have not yet been able to point out the exact cause of this condition but in most cases an injury to the cervix is followed by this condition. However, it does not mean that a woman will suffer with Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion whenever she has an injury in the cervix but statistical studies show that it usually is a trigger for this condition. The lumps of skin growth start surfacing during the recovery period after sustaining the injury.

Symptoms of Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (LGSIL)

The usual symptoms of Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion do not surface in the initial stages of the condition but rather at the middle stage. Some of the telling symptoms include irritation on the affected area of the body like itching and dull pain. Majority of the patients suffering from this condition complain about irritation on the affected body part.

Bleeding and malodorous secretion from the affected area is a clear symptom of Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion. The affected area keeps on getting swollen during the middle stages and at the later stages the swollen area takes the shape of an overgrown lump of skin. The lump is hard in most cases and of an irregular shape.

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Causes of LSIL

The exact cause of Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion is still unknown. Like the causes of many other diseases, the causes for Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion have thus far eluded the inquisitive mind of the man of science. Research and development arms of leading governments and pharmaceutical companies are still working tirelessly to find out its principal cause.

Statistical date and the observation of top physicians across the globe have however been able to point fingers at some potential causes. As stated earlier, Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion is a gynaecological condition and it usually attacks women who have attained menopause. The average age of those who have suffered from this condition is fifty. People suffering from the AIDS-HIV virus are known to develop Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion and the percentage of smokers suffering from the condition is also high. However, some scientists believe that infection in the human papillomavirus may be a major cause for Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion.

Risk Factors

According to empirical studies the human papillomavirus is the biggest factor that might trigger the Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion. The other factors that might lead to this condition include sexual behaviour, the frequency at which the individual changes sexual partners and genital warts. The use of contraceptive pills is thought to have a positive effect in controlling this condition.

Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion Diagnosis and Treatment

Physicians and gynaecologists adopt a ‘wait and watch’ approach with respect to Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion. The belief among the medical community is that if the lesion has not reached dire consequences no effort should be made to remove it from the surface of the body.

However, that does not mean that a potential lesion is allowed to grow on its own without any monitoring of any sort. Most physicians advise their patients to keep the area under observation. Usually a patient uses a mirror so that she can thoroughly observe the condition of her genitals. With this aid, the patient can report to her physician any abnormalities that she might observe in her genital organ like any change in the size of the lesion, bleeding or even irritation of the skin. While we are at it, a pap test from time to time is a very good idea if it is feared that someone is suffering from Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion. A pap test reveals any cancerous symptoms in the genital organs. If the pap test reveals anything alarming then a biopsy can be performed to detect whether the growth is cancerous or not.

On the other hand, if the physician has made up his or her mind that the outgrowth is malignant then he can performs a test called colonoscopy to determine any abnormalities that might be there in the genital organ. It is one of the most common treatments for Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion.

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