Nasal Polyps -Symptoms, Causes, Pictures, Surgery


Nasal polyps can be described as anomalous growth of inner lining of nasal airway or even sinuses. This lump is usually noncancerous and painless as it is soft. This lump appears as a grape or teardrop inside the nasal passage. Such polyps are caused due to condition such as asthma, recurring infection, sensitivity to medicines, immune issues and allergies. Minute nasal polyps may not have any kind of sign or symptoms. However, larger polyps or group of nasal polyps may sometimes obstruct the nasal airway which may lead to respiratory issues, hindered sense of smell and frequently recurring infection.

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This condition may affect anyone, however, the physical issues is commonly diagnosed in adult individuals. In general cases medicine serve efficaciously to cure the issue, but more severe nasal polyps may require invasive treatment incase the patient does not benefit from medicines. It should be known that even after treating the condition successfully these lumps may reappear within the nasal passage. The condition is usually associated with sinuses as well as inflammation of nasal passage’s internal lining. It may persist for over a year if not treated initially. These develop lumps are soft and does not have sensation which is way insignificant lumps be nondescript which makes it difficult to learn about its prevalence. Your nasal airway only gets obstructed if the polyps are multiple and grown bigger.

Symptoms of Nasal Polyps:

Similar to most other physical conditions even nasal polyps are associated with some symptoms, these symptoms may include:

• Runny nose scientifically referred to as Rhinorhea

• Stuffiness for prolonged time

• UACG or Upper Airway Cough Syndrome commonly referred to as post nasal drip or PND, is also associated with development of polyps in the nose

• Hindered sense of smell either descried or completely absent

• Sometime the condition may also lead to loss of taste as well.

• Mild to severe head pain as well as sometimes facial pain

• Pain in the upper jaw or row of teeth

• Feeling sense of pressure, especially at forehand as well as facial region

• Since the nasal polyps causes obstruction of the air passage in the nose there are chances that one may also snore while asleep

• Itching sensation in or around the eyes

Causes of Nasal Polyps:

Though there are quite a few studies attributed to nasal polyps, scientists are unable to understand what actually causes that condition. It is yet not certain why some individuals experience chronic inflammation or why the underlying inflammatory condition leads to formation of the polyps in some people. The inflammation that we are talking about actually occurs in mucous membrane which is the fluid producing lining with your nasal passage and sinuses. There are some assumptions that people who develop polyps has different immune system functioning as well as chemical regulators in the mucous membrane as compared to those who do not develop the condition.

Nasal polyp can affect at any age; however, it is commonly found in young as well as middle aged individuals. It can develop anywhere within your nasal passage or sinuses; however it mostly occurs internally in the sinuses region which is close to your eyes, nasal passage and check bone, this region is scientifically referred to as osteomeatal complex.

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When to consult doctor for Nasal Polyps?

Though some of the symptoms of the condition may seem benign, it is essential to consult your doctor if you experience the symptoms for over 10 days. Symptoms experienced due to nasal polyps as well as chronic sinusitis are more or less similar to symptoms experienced in other physical issues such as cold etc. Hence, it is always better to seek medical attention if symptoms are intolerable or lasts for over a week. However, you may also need emergency medical assistant if any of the following sign is noticed:

• Difficulties while breathing (respiratory issues)

• Sudden aggravation of symptoms experienced

• Ocular disabilities or difficulties such as double vision or restricted movement of eye

• Serious notable protrusion around your eye

• Severe exacerbating headache experienced along with symptoms such as inability to move your head forwards or even high fever

Tests and diagnosis for nasal polyps:

Diagnosis of nasal polyps usually involves an interrogative session with your doctor. Your doctor may ask you question related to symptoms, period of affliction and many such associated questions. Based on the answer he may determine the cause of the issue. He may also run a small physical examination to check for polyps in your nose. In case if he is unable to determine through such simple tests, he may ask you to undergo other diagnosis to determine the issue. Some of this diagnosis method may include:

Endoscopy of nose/ nasal passage:

In this diagnosis technique a small flexible tube, with light and magnifying lens as well as a minute camera is entered into your nasal passage. This enables your health care provider to examining your nose in detail and check for any abnormalities with help of this nasal endoscope.

Imaging techniques:

There are certain imaging techniques that may help in better identifying the prevalence of nasal polyps. For example CT scan of Computer Tomography scan as well as MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging, are two of such imaging techniques that are usually adopted. The reports retrieve form such imaging techniques will help the doctor determine better whether you are suffering from polyps development in nasal passage or it is some other physical issue.

Other diagnosis techniques may include allergy studies, tests for cystic fibrosis etc.

Treatment for nasal polyps:

There are various nasal polyp treatments which may be suggested by your doctor depending upon the nature and severity of the condition. Usually the treatment focuses on reducing the size of the polyps and curing them over time simultaneously alleviating the symptoms and inflammation experienced by the affected individual. Treatment for this condition may include, suitable effective medical regimen, nasal corticosteroids, inject- able corticosteroid, oral corticosteroid etc. There are certain surgical treatments such as polypectomy, endoscopic sinus surgery etc which may prove to be efficacious in removing nasal polyps.

Nasal Polyps Pictures

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