Pain in the lower left abdomen, Causes

Pain in the lower left abdomen may be caused due to several reasons. This pain is experienced on the left side of the lower stomach. This region of stomach is a common area for pain, especially in case of females and elder individual.

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Before we learn about possible causes of pain in lower left stomach region, it is better to know prominent organs of lower stomach. Some of these organs associated with abdomen pain may include may include:

• Lower region of left kidney

• Left side ureter (tube that drain kidney)

• Part of the Large Bowel

• Sigmoid Colon

• Urinary Bladder

• Left ovary as well as tube in case of women

• Nerves on the lower region of the abdomen

• Large blood vessels

• Muscles and skin present on the left of the lower abdomen

Thus, any issue affecting these organs as well as structure could possibly cause pain in the lower left abdomen.

As aforementioned that pain in the left- lower region on the stomach is common amongst females and elder, this article is focused on pain in general irrespective of gender as well as age.

Possible causes of pain in the lower left abdomen:


Constipation, irrespective of its length of affliction, can also cause pain in the left- lower stomach. Incase of constipation, if the bowel region on the left of the body is more influenced, then pain may occur in the left lower area of the abdomen. Constipation is the condition wherein there is an unusual change in the frequency of evacuating feces and/ or the amount of stool passed out of the body is reduced significantly.

Bowel Cancer:

Even in case of bowel cancer influencing the left bottom of the stomach, the afflicted person may feel pain in the left lower abdomen. Bowel cancer is also associated with some symptoms such as dramatic reduction of weight, loss of appetite, unusual bowel habit, constipation as well as weakness. It should be known that there are other conditions that may have similar symptoms and only by looking at the symptoms one should not decide the disease or disorder. The best option is to consult a doctor and get diagnosed for the condition and seek appropriate medical treatment.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm:

Affected abdominal aortic aneurysm occurs in case of distention of aorta, the blood vessel that is responsible of carrying blood away from the heart. The blood vessel becomes distended along its course and has leaks or also ruptures without any formidable sign. In general this also causes severe pain in the abdomen which may even extend to the back. The condition may also cause the patient to sudden collapse as well his/ her body may turn paled and temperature as well as the blood pressure may drop dramatically. Sometimes the pain experienced due to the condition is more on the left bottom side of the abdomen.

Bowel Obstruction:

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Bowel obstruction may occur due to any possible cause of obstruction. If the obstruction is to the left side of the stomach there are chances that the person may suffer from pain in the lower left abdomen. There are different symptoms of bowel pain which may include abdomen ache, stomach cramp, queasiness, vomiting as well as distention of the abdomen. One may also experience borborygmy which is a noise intermittently made by the bowel. In the bowel obstruction is intense with not even a minute opening, then passage for feces and wind would also be completely closed. However, in case of partial obstruction the passage of wind may have some open passage.

Crohn’s disease:

Crohn’s Disease is one of the prominent diseases characterized by inflammation of the bowel. The issue related to Crohn’s disease is that it share similar symptoms with numerous other diseases and disorders. It is categorized as a chronic disease. The condition may also have its influence on the sigmoid colon, which may lead to pain in the lower left abdomen.

Ectopic Pregnancy:

Ectopic pregnancy is amongst the first physical condition that comes to a doctor’s mind when female of child bearing age (11 to 55) consults a doctor regarding pain in lower abdomen. Depending on the affected tube, present either on left or right side of the body, the female may experience pain in abdomen. This hints that if the affliction is on the left side tube then the affected female may suffer from pain in the lower left abdomen. The pain experienced by the patient may be mild or even intolerably sharp. Vaginal bleeding may also be noticed under such condition. Since, this condition may occur earlier, within the first 10 weeks from last menstrual cycle, the women may not even be aware that she is pregnant. This condition should not be taken lightly as it is a serious emergency condition. The patient may feel dizzy or experience pain on the shoulder tip as well as she may also turn bodily weak. Incase any of such issues are experienced it is essential to seek medical attention immediately.

Food poisoning:

After eating food polluted with harmful bacteria or other pathogens, there are chances that you may develop food poisoning. This may lead to stomach issues and possibly pain in the lower left abdomen may be experienced. The conditions is also associated with other signs and symptoms such as vomiting, nausea and increased of reduced body temperature. Read more about food poisoning symptoms and treatment.

Pyelonephritis or infection of kidney:

Pain in the lower left abdomen may also be experienced due to kidney infection which is also scientifically known as Pyelonephritis. The patient, under this condition, stays ill and suffers from symptoms such as vomiting, queasiness etc. The pain in the abdomen worsens on gently striking or applying forces on the lower back. The patient may also go for urinating more frequently than usual. Diagnosing the condition is easy as the doctor will perform few tests and determine the issues. The pain experienced in Pyelonephritis or kidney infection is dissimilar from the painful symptom of kidney stone as the pain increases gradually unlike sudden onset of pain in case of kidney stone.

These are few of the possible conditions that may lead to such pain. Some other conditions may also include, but not limits to, Trapped Wind, Transverse colon volvulus, Sigmoid volvulus, Psoas Abscess etc. In case if you experience any kind of pain in the lower left abdomen ensure to get diagnosed and obtain medical treatment timely.

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