Cramps but no Period


There are times when women experience period cramps but no period. Why does this happen? Let us know about in detail. Menstruation in a girl starts when she is 11-13 years of age. Normally, she gets 11-13 periods every year. However, depending on individual health, a girl may get fewer or more periods than the aforementioned average. However, there can be certain hormonal imbalance factors and other internal or external factors that can disrupt the normal menstrual cycle, resulting in delayed period. Usually, there are period cramps before menstrual cycle. However there are also chances of a woman or a girl getting cramps but no period.

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Menstrual Cramps

During menstruation, the uterine lining is expelled due to the contraction in the uterine muscles. This triggering of uterine muscles and the subsequent cramp pains is due to chemicals called prostaglandins that are similar to hormones. The symptoms of menstrual cramps are in the form of throbbing or dull pain in the lower abdomen which can radiate to lower back and thighs. These cramps at times can be severe enough to affect normal activities of individual. Read more about period cramps symptoms and causes

Menstrual cramps but no period-Pregnancy Sign

Cramps but no period can be a sign of pregnancy. Since menstrual cramps are the most common PMS sign of menses, it is obvious that women who experience these cramps can expect their period within 2 or 3 days. But if there are cramps but no period, there can be a possibility of a woman being pregnant. Here are more symptoms and signs of pregnancy.

Cramps happen naturally so that the uterine muscles can contact and make more space in the uterus to hold the growing fetus. So, if there is no period after cramps, one may have to confirm pregnancy possibility. A home pregnancy test with the pregnancy kit that is available at a drug store can confirm the possibility of pregnancy. This test should be taken within seven days of the missing period, in the morning when the hormones of pregnancy are functioning activity.

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There are other causes of missing period too, for instance-stress, life changing event, illnesses and medication, menopause etc. Read about causes of missing period. It is better to check with a gynecologist to find out if you do not get period even though you are experiencing menstrual cramps.

Cramps but no period but not pregnant

Though the common cause of cramps but no period is pregnancy, these cramps can be symptoms of other conditions also which though not so common, are possibilities that may not be overlooked

1. Ovarian cysts: Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid, that develop on the ovaries. The two most common types of cysts are called follicle cysts and corpus luteum cysts. Follicle cysts develop when the sac does not break open to release the egg during the ovulation, keeping the sac growing instead. Usually, these types of cysts go away by themselves in three months. If this does not happen then the cysts may grow up to 4 inches and can cause pain. These cysts are rarely cancerous, but fertility drugs can increase corpus luteum cysts, which happen when the sac doesn’t reabsorb into the body afte the release of the egg. .

2. Ovarian cancer: Ovarian cancer is known to be a silent disease, because the diagnosis of ovarian cancer can be misinterpreted as irritable bowel syndrome or even depression. Ovarian cancer symptoms include pressure in the abdomen, swelling and bloating, urgency to urinate, pain in the pelvis and change in the menstrual cycles. A woman may also find out one sign of ovarian cycle, which is clothing appearing tight around her midsection. There is a chance of full recovery with diagnosis at the early stages

3. Autoimmune oophoritis: This happens due to ovary inflammation caused due to the immune system attacking its own cells. This results in hardening, withering and even destruction of ovaries leading to fertility loss and decrease in hormone production. 10 percent of premature ovarian failure is attributed to autoimmune oophoritis. This can cause lower abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, fatigue and cramps but no period.

Also read out if a woman can get period while pregnant.

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